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Multiple Choice Questions on Prokaryotic and Eukaryotes

1. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells generally have which of the following features in common?
Typical prokaryotic (left) and eukaryotic (right) cells
a) a membrane-bounded nucleus
b) a cell wall made of cellulose
c) ribosomes
d) flagella or cilia that contain microtubules
e) linear chromosomes made of DNA and protein


2. Prokaryotes are classified as belonging to two different domains. What are the domains?
a) Bacteria and Eukarya
b) Archaea and Monera
c) Eukarya and Monera
d) Bacteria and Protista
e) Bacteria and Archaea


3 A water sample from a hot thermal vent contained a single-celled organism that had a cell wall but lacked a nucleus. What is its most likely classification?
a) Eukarya
b) Archaea
c) Animalia
d) Protista
e) Fungi


4. A filamentous organism has been isolated from decomposing organic matter. This organism has a cell wall but no chloroplasts. How would you classify this organism?
a) domain Bacteria, kingdom Prokaryota
b) domain Archaea, kingdom Bacteria
c) domain Eukarya, kingdom Plantae
d) domain Eukarya, kingdom Protista
e) domain Eukarya, kingdom Fungi


5. What is the major distinguishing characteristic of fungi?
a) gaining nutrition through ingestion
b) being sedentary
c) being prokaryotic
d) absorbing dissolved nutrients
e) being decomposers of dead organisms


6. What are archaea?
a) Prokaryotes characterized as extremophiles that share some bacterial and some eukaryotic traits.
b) Organisms that are adapted to high temperature environments, such as in volcanic springs.
c) Single-celled organisms that are killed by the application of antibiotics at certain concentrations.
d) Bacteria-like organisms that can live only in extreme salt environments.
e) Primitive protist-like creatures possessing fewer than two chromosomes per cell.


7. Protists and bacteria are grouped into different domains because a) protists eat bacteria.
b) bacteria are not made of cells.
c) protists have a membrane-bounded nucleus, which bacterial cells lack.
d) bacteria decompose protists.
e) protists are photosynthetic.


8. Which of the following best demonstrates the unity among all organisms?
a) matching DNA nucleotide sequences
b) descent with modification
c) the structure and function of DNA
d) natural selection
e) emergent properties


9. Which of the following types of cells utilize deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as their genetic material but do not have their DNA encased within a nuclear envelope? a) animal
b) plant
c) archaea
d) fungi
e) protists


10. Flagella of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells differ in
a) types of movement and placement in cell
b) location in cell and mode of functioning
c) microtubular organization and type of movement
d) microtubular organization and function
e) none of the above

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Answers
1. c) ribosomes
2. e) Bacteria and Archaea
3. b) Archaea
4. e) domain Eukarya, kingdom Fungi
5. d) absorbing dissolved nutrients
6. a) Prokaryotes characterized as extremophiles that share some bacterial and some eukaryotic traits.
7. c) protists have a membrane-bounded nucleus, which bacterial cells lack.
8. c) the structure and function of DNA
9. c) archaea
10. c) microtubular organization and type of movement

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